Scripture taken from The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. Copyright 2000; 2001, by Crossway Bibles, a division of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.
Verses 7-11 of Matthew 1 give us Matthew’s second “14” in the genealogy of Christ.
Matthew 1:6 and Jesse the father of David the king. And David was the father of Solomon by the wife of Uriah,
7 and Solomon the father of Rehoboam, and Rehoboam the father of Abijah, and Abijah the father of Asaph,
8 and Asaph the father of Jehoshaphat, and Jehoshaphat the father of Joram, and Joram the father of Uzziah,
9 and Uzziah the father of Jotham, and Jotham the father of Ahaz, and Ahaz the father of Hezekiah,
10 and Hezekiah the father of Manasseh, and Manasseh the father of Amos, and Amos the father of Josiah,
11 and Josiah the father of Jechoniah and his brothers, at the time of the deportation to Babylon.
Ryle points out that this list reminds us of the corruption of human nature in that many in this list had godly fathers, but were themselves prodigal. Rehoboam (if you count the majority of Solomon’s life), Joram, Manasseh (for most of his life), Amon (if you count the last of Manasseh’s life), and Jechoniah all had Godly fathers, but were themselves awful. Godliness is not hereditary, but must be chosen a person at a time.
From an equally important point of view, Ross reminds that this line is a testimony to the unfailing promises of God. Despite the rebellion and failure of man, God’s purposes and promises continue. This section covers Judah’s kings, through times (described in the books of King and Chronicles) that are full of misery, culminating in the Babylonian captivity. But through it all, God’s promises to Abraham and David stand unshaken.
Regarding verse 11, remember what God said about Jechoniah.
Jer 22:30 Thus says the LORD: “Write this man down as childless, a man who shall not succeed in his days, for none of his offspring shall succeed in sitting on the throne of David and ruling again in Judah.”
Barnhouse pointed out that if Jesus was physically descended from Joseph, this verse would disqualify Him as Messiah. But He’s not physically descended from Joseph. And the Luke genealogy traces His physical descent through Mary back to David through Nathan who was never king. No descendent through the line of guys that were kings of Judah could be Messiah. Jesus was legally and physically the Son of David through Mary. He was descendant of the kings of Judah through Joseph without being a son of the cursed Jechoniah.
There are 3 fourteens in this chapter, helpful for purposes of memorization. This is the second. People have also seen in this multiples of the “perfect” number 7 and some significance that the Jewish numerical values for the letters in David’s name add up to 14. Whether or not this matters, this second places Joseph (and his legal son Jesus) in the royal line of descent without making Him physically in the line of Jechoniah.